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NUMERO 14 - 12/06/2024

 Croatia: between national and European elections

The Croatian Constitution was approved on 22 December 1990 as a fundamental step in the independence process of Croatia from Yugoslavia. This difficult process started in 1989 with the allowance of political parties different from the Communist one: the HDZ (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica, “Croatian Democratic Union”), the most relevant right-wing party in the successive history of Croatia, led by Franjo Tuđman, and the SDP (Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske, “Social Democratic Party of Croatia”), the most relevant left-wing party, led by Ivica Račan, were founded in that juncture. The two parties faced each other in the first Croatian elections in April 1990, won by the HDZ of Franjo Tuđman. Tuđman became also the first President of the Republic – remaining in charge up to his death in December 1999 - and led the process of independence and the first period of strenghtening of the State after the War of Independence (1991-1995). The Parliament approved the Constitution in December 1990; in May 1991 the referendum for the independence of Croatia was voted; Croatia formally declared its independence on 25 June 1991, together with Slovenia... (continues)

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